JATHROPA CURCAS LEAVES COMPRESSION ON TEMPERATURE IN ADVERSE EVENT FOLLOWING IMMUNIZATION

Ayu Nurdiyan, Evi Susanti, fontanella fontanella

Abstract


Adverse events following immunization (AEFI) is one of the
conditions that is often a problem for the community, the events
are increasing in body temperature, redness at the injection site
which often occurs after DPT-HB immunization. This was also
found in one of Public Health Center of Dharmasraya Regency
which reported the majority of AEFI cases found were fever or
an increase in body temperature after giving DPT-HB
immunization, which were 21 cases throughout 2019. This
study aimed to determine the Effectiveness of Jatropha Curcas.
L Against on Temperature in Fever Babies Post DPT-HB 1
Immunization. This type of research is pre experiment with a
non-equivalent control group design approach. The populations
in this study were all targets of DPT-HB 1 immunization in the
working area of the Health Center as many as 91 people,
sample were taken by using a purposive sampling technique
with a sample size of 20 people divided into 10 treatment
groups and 10 control groups. Data collection using body
temperature observation sheets, data analysis includes
univariate analysis and bivariate analysis using t-independent
test. The results showed that the average body temperature of
the respondents before the intervention in the treatment group
was 38.3ºC dropped to 36.39ºC after the intervention. While the
respondent's body temperature before the intervention in the
control group was 38.5ºC and dropped to 37.0º0C after the
intervention. There is a difference in the decrease in average
body temperature between the treatment group and the control
group by 0.42ºC with p value = 0.004, where the decrease is
more in the treatment group. It can be concluded that the
administration of Jatropha Curcas L leaf compress is effective
in reducing body temperature of children with fever after DPTHB1 immunization. Therefore, it is recommended for mothers
of infants to be able to utilize Jatropha leaf compress as well as
non-pharmacological treatment in the management of fever
after DPT-HB immunization


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