Kholilah Lubis, Selviarin Selviarin


Breast Milk or Human Milk is a complex fluid providing the infant with optimal nutrition and immunological protection. In the Siulak Kecil Public Medical Centre, there were 130 (75%) postpartum women with Exclusive Breastfeeding and 42 (24.9%) with Hybrid Breastfeeding. The adequacy of breast milk volume doesn’t fulfill the infants. This study aimed to compare Vigna Cylindrica leaves and Carica Papaya leaves to increased breast milk volume. There were 16 participants were divided into group A and B. The postpartum women day-2, without serious complication as inclusion criteria. Postpartum women with breast engorgement, mastitis, fever, Postpartum Hemorrhage, and consumption medicines was excluded as a participant. The measurement of breast milk volume used a Spectra brand breast pumping, measuring cylinder to determine the volume. The digital scales are used to weigh the samples. The pumping session is carried out after breastfeeding the infant for one hour. The pressure of the breast pump is adjusted to the comfort of the participants. The duration of the pumping session is carried out for one hour; 30 minutes on the right and left breast. The results, in maternal age we found no difference between group A and group B (mean of maternal age 31.88 ± 4.55 vs. 26.88 ± 6.20, p-value = 0.087). No difference was found between Vigna Cylindrica leaves administration and Carica Papaya leaves administration with p-value = 0.533. Therefore, the dose of Vigna Cylindrica leaves and Carica Papaya leaves is required.

Full Text:



H. Gardner, J. C. Kent, C. T. Lai, and D. T. Geddes, “Comparison of maternal milk ejection characteristics during pumping using infant-derived and 2-phase vacuum patterns,” Int. Breastfeed. J., vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 1–8, 2019, doi: 10.1186/s13006-019-0237-6.

G. Jendras, M. Monizi, C. Neinhuis, and T. Lautenschläger, “Plants, food and treatments used by BaKongo tribes in Uíge (northern Angola) to affect the quality and quantity of human breast milk,” Int. Breastfeed. J., vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 1–12, 2020, doi: 10.1186/s13006-020-00329-1.

N. Maharlouei, A. Pourhaghighi, H. Raeisi, D. Zohoori, and K. B. Lankarani, “Factors Affecting Exclusive Breastfeeding , O riginal A rticle,” vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 260–271, 2018.

K. Lubis and Emalini, “Nira Water ( Arenga Pinnata ) on Breast Milk Volume for Breastfeeding,” Bloss. J. Midwifery, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 1–7, 2020, doi: 2.

K. E. Lyons, C. A. Ryan, E. M. Dempsey, R. P. Ross, and C. Stanton, “Breast milk, a source of beneficial microbes and associated benefits for infant health,” Nutrients, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 1–30, 2020, doi: 10.3390/nu12041039.

A. Wesolowska, E. Sinkiewicz-Darol, O. Barbarska, U. Bernatowicz-Lojko, M. K. Borszewska-Kornacka, and J. B. van Goudoever, “Innovative techniques of processing human milk to preserve key components,” Nutrients, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 1–17, 2019, doi: 10.3390/nu11051169.

V. S. Bomfim, A. A. Jordão, L. G. Alves, F. E. Martinez, and J. S. Camelo, “Human milk enriched with human milk lyophilisate for feeding very low birth weight preterm infants: A preclinical experimental study focusing on fatty acid profile,” PLoS One, vol. 13, no. 9, pp. 1–17, 2018, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0202794.

D. Hampel, D. K. Dror, and L. H. Allen, “Micronutrients in Human Milk: Analytical Methods,” Adv. Nutr., vol. 9, no. suppl_1, pp. 313S-331S, 2018, doi: 10.1093/advances/nmy017.

K. Pritasari, “Arah kebijakan dan rencana aksi program kesehatan masyarakat tahun 2020 - 2024,” in Rapat Kerja Nasional Kementerian Kesehatan RI, 2020, pp. 1–31.

M. I. Supiandi, S. Mahanal, S. Zubaidah, H. Julung, and B. Ege, “Ethnobotany of traditional medicinal plants used by dayak desa community in sintang, West Kalimantan, Indonesia,” Biodiversitas, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 1264–1270, 2019, doi: 10.13057/biodiv/d200516.

M. Kabiri, M. Kamalinejad, F. Sohrabvand, S. Bioos, and M. Babaeian, “Management of Breast Milk Oversupply in Traditional Persian Medicine,” J. Evidence-Based Complement. Altern. Med., vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 1044–1050, 2017, doi: 10.1177/2156587217722474.

M. B. Azad et al., “Breastfeeding and the origins of health : Interdisciplinary perspectives and priorities,” no. February, pp. 1–15, 2020, doi: 10.1111/mcn.13109.

D. K. Dror and L. H. Allen, “Overview of nutrients in humanmilk,” Adv. Nutr., vol. 9, no. 23, pp. 278S-294S, 2018, doi: 10.1093/advances/nmy022.

O. Boukar, M. Abberton, O. Oyatomi, A. Togola, L. Tripathi, and C. Fatokun, “Introgression Breeding in Cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.],” Front. Plant Sci., vol. 11, no. September, pp. 1–11, 2020, doi: 10.3389/fpls.2020.567425.

M. Ikhlasiah, L. M. Winarni, S. Poddar, and A. Bhaumik, “The effects of papaya leaf juice for breastfeeding and working mothers on increasing prolactin hormone levels and infant’s weight in Tangerang,” Enferm. Clin., vol. 30, no. June, pp. 202–205, 2020, doi: 10.1016/j.enfcli.2019.11.054.


  • There are currently no refbacks.